Water, energy, and food are interconnected resource systems which face numerous challenges including a growing global population, economic crises, poverty and hunger, and climatic uncertainties. Meeting these challenges requires a paradigm shift in our conventional resource allocation model to account for the tight interconnections that exists among them. In working towards this goal, the authors have developed a resource allocation strategy assessment platform (WEF Nexus Tool 2.0) that aims to support decision-makers in identifying sustainable resource management strategies informed by the water-energy-food nexus.
The WEF Nexus Tool 2.0 serves as a common platform that brings together scientific know-how and policy input in an effort to identify current and anticipated bottlenecks in resource allocation trends, while highlighting possible trade-offs and opportunities to overcome resource stress challenges. The tool is scenario-based and attempts to explicitly quantify the interconnections between the three resources, while capturing the effects of population growth, changing economies and policies, climate change and other stresses. It provides the user with the ability to create scenarios for a given country by defining the following inputs:
- Food portfolio: identifying local food production levels versus imports, and technologies in agricultural production.
- Water portfolio: identifying different sources of water and amounts needed of each.
- Energy portfolio: identifying sources of energy for water, and energy for agricultural production.
Even though the water-energy-food framework is generic, scenarios created by the tool are
The tool was recently included as part of theUnited Nations Development Group’s ‘Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Acceleration Tool Kit’.
The tool allows the user to create different scenarios with varying food self-sufficiencies, water sources, energy sources, and countries of import. The output includes a summary of:
- Water requirements (m3)
- Local energy requirements (kJ)
- Local carbon emissions (ton CO2)
- Land requirements (ha)
- Financial requirements (QAR)
- Energy consumption through import (kJ)
- Carbon emissions through import (ton CO2)
The user is able to discover and visualize the amount of resources consumed by different proposed scenarios. The user would also able to decide the importance of each of the systems (water, local energy, local carbon, land, financial, energy through import and carbon through import). According to input given by user, the tool calculates the “sustainability index” of each of the proposed scenarios.
- Food security
- Energy security
- Water security
- Water footprint
- Green water footprint
- Blue water footprint
- Carbon footprint
- Open field vs protected agriculture
- Sustainability index